Daura is a town and Local Government Area in Katsina State, northern Nigeria. It is the spiritual home of the Hausa people. The emirate is referred to as one of the “seven true Hausa states” (Hausa Bakwai).
Daura is the city that Bayajidda, a figure from Hausa mythology, arrived at after his trek across the Sahara. Once there, he killed a snake (named Sarki) who prevented the people from drawing water from the well, and the local queen, Magajiya Daurama, married him out of gratitude; one of their seven children was named Daura. he Kusugu Well in Daura where Bayajidda is said to have slain Sarki is protected by a wooden shelter and has become a tourist attraction.
In 1805, during the Fulani War, Daura was taken over by Fulani warrior Malam Ishaku, who set up an emirate. The Hausa set up rival states nearby, and the ruler of one, Malam Musa, was made the new emir of Daura by the British in 1904, While Fulani emirs reigned and established a rival kingdoms at Daure-Zango (Zango) and at Daure-Baure (Baure).
Zango (founded in 1825) was the more prominent Hausa-Daura kingdom, and in 1903–04, after the British and French had divided the three Daura polities, the British installed Zango’s king, Malam Musa, as the new emir of Daura. Part of former North-Central state after 1967, the traditional emirate was incorporated into Kaduna state in 1976. It became part of the newly created Katsina state in 1987.
Faruk Umar Faruk became the 60th Emir of Daura on 28 Feb 2007 following the death of Sarkin Muhammadu Bashar dan Umaru.
Notable People from Daura –
- Muhammadu Buhari, Military Head of State 1983-1985, Chairman PTF and President of Nigeria since May 29, 2015
- Faruk Umar Faruk, Current and 60th Emir of Daura
- “Alhaji Usman Daura”, Chief security officer presidential villa during Alhaji shehu Shagari, general Muhammad buhari, general babangida regime 1981-1989. First commissioner of police federal capital territory 1990, retired as Assistant inspector general of police 1999.
- Sani Ahmed Daura, First Governor of Yobe State 1991–1998
- Sani Zangon Daura, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development 1999 – 2000, Minister of Environment 2000 – 2001
- Ja’afar Mahmud Adam, Salafist Islamic scholar aligned with the Izala Society
- Lawal Musa Daura, Director General of the Nigerian State Security Service
- Habu Daura, Acting Administrator of Bayelsa State, from February to June 1997
- Ambassador Mamman Daura former Director-General of Technical Aid Corps, Nigeria’s ambassador to Uganda, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Belgium and Cameroon